TEXT + | TEXT -        


Bladder control problems are very common, over 160,000 adults experience urine leakage twice or more a month. The production of urine is not under our control, but as adults we have the ability to recognise when the bladder is full, and are able to hold on until we reach the toilet. We therefore have control over where and when we will pass urine. This control is as a result of messages being passed from our bladder to our brain and our ability to interpret these messages. With this control, we are said to be continent. Incontinence is a symptom when one of the mechanisms which keeps us dry is not working correctly. How incontinence is experienced varies, according to the reason of what is causing it. It is therefore important to seek professional help to determine the cause and access appropriate treatment. Help can be sought from your GP, Physiotherapist or Continence Advisor.

There are two types of incontinence:

  • Stress incontinence – the involuntary loss of urine when pressure inside the abdomen is increased by activities such as running, lifting, sneezing and laughing
  • Urge incontinence – this is the sudden and strong urge to pass urine. If a person is unable to get to the toilet in time, and experiences involuntary loss of urine, it is said that the person has ‘urge incontinence.’

70% of women with stress incontinence can become dry or improve significantly by doing pelvic floor exercises. Only a small number of women would require surgery. Most urge incontinence can be corrected by bladder retraining, sometimes combined with medication.

Bladder retraining is a simple and effective method to help regain normal bladder control. The purpose of this type of retraining to suppress or ignore the desire to pass urine, so that a more normal patterns is achieved without the urgency or leakage. The results are gradual and may take up to 3 months or more. Find out more about bladder retraining:

  • Continence NZ
  • A Continence Advisor, who is accessible through your local hospital or health agency will be able to assist you further.

The pelvic floor is a funnel shaped group of muscles stretching from the pubic bone in the front to the tail bone. These firm supportive muscles form the floor of the pelvic cavity and so are called the pelvic floor. They provide support for the bladder, uterus and bowel and to close the bladder outlet and back passage. Pelvic floor muscle activity can be likened to the action of a trampoline in that while it is released during bowel and bladder emptying, it ‘springs back’ on completion. Exercises can help strengthen these muscles. This may improve your bladder control and improve or stop leakage or urine. Further information on pelvic floor exercises is available at the website of Continence NZ

Can't Wait Card

Finding a toilet when out and about can be a challenge for people with bladder or bowel problems. It could even discourage some people from going out altogether. Continence New Zealand has a toilet card which clearly states that the holder has a medical condition and needs to use a toilet quickly. Most places you visit will be willing to help you. Apply for your card now. Please note: The Toilet Card is for New Zealand residents only.


Quick Reference Guide
  • Always seek medical advice if you are having trouble with your bladder or bowels: see your doctor, Continence Nurse, Continence Physiotherapist through the local community health service, or contact Continence NZ on 0800 650 659.
  • Drink at least 1 litre of fluids per day (excluding tea and coffee)
  • Try pelvic floor exercises to strengthen your muscles
  • Try some of the continence products: Pharmacy, supermarket, Continence Products distributors.

Other Websites of Interest
  • Everybody is a website with information on a variety of health topics. Their page on bowel control problems is informative and helpful offering suggestions and links to other sources of help.
  • The National Association for Continence is an American site discussing this topic. Their frequently asked questions page may be of interest also. This is found under Bladder and Bowel Health at the top of the page.
  • The Canadian Continence Foundation also offers practical advice, information and assistance. Click on the Information About Incontinence at the top left hand corner for further discussion on the topic. Please note you will need to choose your language before entering the site.




Alcohol and Drugs


Bowel Cancer
Carers Page




Elder Abuse

Falls Prevention

General Medical
Grief and Loss


Home Support

Intimacy and Sexuality

Living with Disability


Memory Loss and Dementia

Men’s Health



Physical Activity and Exercise
Skin Cancer


Smoke Free

Sun Smart


Women’s Health